Eliminating Poverty in Rural Areas through Non-Formal Education: The Role of NGOs

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Doubtless to say that knowledge explosion and knowledge base economies have created unprecedented challenges for developing countries like Pakistan. These countries are unable to cope with the drastically increasing demand for education. In this critical situation non-formal education (NFE) seems blessing especially for the development of poverty stricken rural areas in Punjab. Many local, national and international NGOs are making their way in the national stream of progress by managing and developing human resource through NFE in the backward areas of Punjab. Main purpose of the study was to evaluate the challenging role of NGOs in eliminating poverty in the rural areas of Punjab. Problems of administrators, teachers and students of NFE were also assessed in this study.
The population consisted of all administrators, teachers and students of non-formal basic education (NFBE) schools in Faisalabad, Toba tek Singh, Jhang and Sargodha districts. From this population 500 students, 100 teachers and 20 administrators were taken as samples randomly. Study was descriptive in nature; therefore, survey method was used for the collection of data. An inventory sheet and three questionnaires (administrators, teachers and students) were administered on the respective sample.
The study revealed that NGOs are playing vital role in socio economic development of the masses through NFBE schools in the rural areas of Punjab. There is lack of physical facilities like, class rooms, furniture, electricity and toilets etc. Teachers’ remuneration may be increased as it is insufficient in this time of dearness. Further, all the schools of NFBE may be equipped with modern teaching aids and teachers may also be provided training to use these aids. Existing NGOs and NFBE schools are not enough to meet the community demand for education. Motivational campaigns may be conducted to create awareness and mobilization of community for maximum participation of the community and consequently, optimum utilization of local resources.


Keywords: NGOs, Non-Formal Basic Education, Poverty Alleviation, Socio-Economic Development
Stream: Literacy, Language, Multiliteracies
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Shakeel Ahmad Ghazi

Ph.D Scholar, Faculty of Education, Preston University Islamabad
Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan

SHAKEEL Ahmad Ghazi is a Ph.D Scholar at the Faculty of Education, Preston University Islamabad, Pakistan. He did M.Phil in education from Preston University Islamabad 2009. His area of research in M.Phil was Developing a Training Model for Instructors, Supervisors and Managers in Non-Formal Education in Pakistan. His areas of interest are distance and non-formal education, women development, teacher training, information and communication technologies, human resource development.

Muhammad Safdar

PhD Scholar, Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad
Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Safdar is a Ph.D Scholar at the Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan. He did M.Phil in education from Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) Islamabad. His area of research in M.Phil was Feasibility Study of Guidance and Counselling Provision at the Regional Offices of AIOU. Now in PhD his area of research is Emerging Paradigm of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Use in Teacher Training Institutions of Pakistan. His areas of interest are distance and non-formal education, guidance and counseling, women development, teacher training, information and communication technologies, human resource development.

Ref: L10P0720